Age of Discovery

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Vitality Age

Your Vitality Age is a measure of how healthy you are relative to your actual age.

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Your Vitality Age is a measure of how healthy you are relative to your actual age.
It measures all aspects of your wellness like exercise and nutrition.

Activate the HealthyFood Benefit and get up to 15% back on HealthyFood purchases at Pick n Pay or Woolworths when you find out your Vitality Age.

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Need to know

Earn 1 500 Vitality points when you find out your Vitality Age. You can do the assessment as many times as you like to keep track of your health – but you’ll only earn Vitality points once per calendar year.

Please note that each adult on your membership needs to be registered on the Discovery website to find out their Vitality Age. On a family membership, the main member and spouse (if applicable) need to find out their Vitality Age to qualify for the increased HealthyFood saving.

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Your Vitality Age is a measure of how healthy you are relative to your actual age.

The Vitality Health Check and Vitality Age assessment – helping you lead a healthier life

What’s your Vitality Age? Are you 34 going on 40 or 40 going on 25? Your Vitality Age will give you a good idea of how healthy you are relative to your actual age.

The lifestyle choices you make every day can largely determine your health. Poor lifestyle behaviours have been proven to lead to four main chronic illnesses and 60% of deaths globally.

Knowing the results from just a few important health screening tests can help in the early detection of chronic illnesses, which can lead to more successful treatment, and can save your life. Our Vitality Age assessment and Vitality Health Check were developed with this in mind.

What you need to know to stay healthy:

The Vitality Age assessment

The Vitality Age assessment is a simple online assessment measuring how healthy you are in relation to your actual age.

It evaluates all aspects of your wellness such as healthy eating, physical activity and stress management. It also helps you learn more about healthy lifestyle choices.

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The results from this assessment help you identify any health risks you may have early on. It also helps you in preventing or managing certain health risks you may be facing. To find out how healthy you really are, simply register or log in to your online Discovery Vitality profile to complete a Vitality Age assessment.

The Vitality Health Check

The Vitality Health Check is a simple and convenient set of essential health screening and preventive tests which include:

  • Blood pressure
  • Blood glucose/HbA1c
  • Cholesterol/Lipogram
  • Weight assessment/BMI
  • Non-smoker’s declaration

After completing your Vitality Health Check, you will receive a comprehensive report, highlighting any health risks you may have. It will also give you a guideline on what to do to improve your health, which could possibly save your life.

You and your family can complete the Vitality Health Check at a Vitality Wellness Clinic or at your nearest Discovery Store.

Have you found out your Vitality Age?

Your Vitality Age is a measure of how healthy you are relative to your actual age.
It measures all aspects of your wellness like exercise, nutrition and stress. Plus, completing the assessment can earn you 1 500 Vitality points!

By finding out your Vitality Age and doing a Vitality Health Check you will increase your HealthyFood rewards at Pick n Pay or Woolworths and HealthyCare rewards at Clicks or Dis-Chem. Find out today.

A Brief History of the Age of Exploration

The age of exploration brought about discoveries and advances

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

The era known as the Age of Exploration, sometimes called the Age of Discovery, officially began in the early 15th century and lasted through the 17th century. The period is characterized as a time when Europeans began exploring the world by sea in search of new trading routes, wealth, and knowledge. The impact of the Age of Exploration would permanently alter the world and transform geography into the modern science it is today.

Impact of the Age of Exploration

  • Explorers learned more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and brought that knowledge back to Europe.
  • Massive wealth accrued to European colonizers due to trade in goods, spices, and precious metals.
  • Methods of navigation and mapping improved, switching from traditional portolan charts to the world’s first nautical maps.
  • New food, plants, and animals were exchanged between the colonies and Europe.
  • Indigenous people were decimated by Europeans, from a combined impact of disease, overwork, and massacres.
  • The work force needed to support the massive plantations in the New World, led to a 300 year slave trade that had an enormous impact on Africa.
  • The impact persists to this day, with many of the world’s former colonies still considered the «developing» world, while colonizers are the First World countries, holding a majority of the world’s wealth and annual income.

The Birth of the Age of Exploration

Many nations were looking for goods such as silver and gold, but one of the biggest reasons for exploration was the desire to find a new route for the spice and silk trades.

When the Ottoman Empire took control of Constantinople in 1453, it blocked European access to the area, severely limiting trade. In addition, it also blocked access to North Africa and the Red Sea, two very important trade routes to the Far East.

The first of the journeys associated with the Age of Discovery were conducted by the Portuguese. Although the Portuguese, Spanish, Italians, and others had been plying the Mediterranean for generations, most sailors kept well within sight of land or traveled known routes between ports. Prince Henry the Navigator changed that, encouraging explorers to sail beyond the mapped routes and discover new trade routes to West Africa.

Portuguese explorers discovered the Madeira Islands in 1419 and the Azores in 1427. Over the coming decades, they would push farther south along the African coast, reaching the coast of present-day Senegal by the 1440s and the Cape of Good Hope by 1490. Less than a decade later, in 1498, Vasco da Gama would follow this route all the way to India.

The Discovery of the New World

While the Portuguese were opening new sea routes along Africa, the Spanish also dreamed of finding new trade routes to the Far East. Christopher Columbus, an Italian working for the Spanish monarchy, made his first journey in 1492. Instead of reaching India, Columbus found the island of San Salvador in what is known today as the Bahamas. He also explored the island of Hispaniola, home of modern-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

Columbus would lead three more voyages to the Caribbean, exploring parts of Cuba and the Central American coast. The Portuguese also reached the New World when explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral explored Brazil, setting off a conflict between Spain and Portugal over the newly claimed lands. As a result, the Treaty of Tordesillas officially divided the world in half in 1494.

Columbus» journeys opened the door for the Spanish conquest of the Americas. During the next century, men such as Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro would decimate the Aztecs of Mexico, the Incas of Peru, and other indigenous peoples of the Americas. By the end of the Age of Exploration, Spain would rule from the Southwestern United States to the southernmost reaches of Chile and Argentina.

Opening the Americas

Great Britain and France also began seeking new trade routes and lands across the ocean. In 1497, John Cabot, an Italian explorer working for the English, reached what is believed to be the coast of Newfoundland. A number of French and English explorers followed, including Giovanni da Verrazano, who discovered the entrance to the Hudson River in 1524, and Henry Hudson, who mapped the island of Manhattan first in 1609.

Over the next decades, the French, Dutch, and British would all vie for dominance. England established the first permanent colony in North America at Jamestown, Va., in 1607. Samuel du Champlain founded Quebec City in 1608, and Holland established a trading outpost in present-day New York City in 1624.

Other important voyages of exploration during this era included Ferdinand Magellan’s attempted circumnavigation of the globe, the search for a trade route to Asia through the Northwest Passage, and Captain James Cook’s voyages that allowed him to map various areas and travel as far as Alaska.

The End of the Era

The Age of Exploration ended in the early 17th century after technological advancements and increased knowledge of the world allowed Europeans to travel easily across the globe by sea. The creation of permanent settlements and colonies created a network of communication and trade, therefore ending the need to search for new routes.

It is important to note that exploration did not cease entirely at this time. Eastern Australia was not officially claimed for Britain by Capt. James Cook until 1770, while much of the Arctic and Antarctic were not explored until the 20th century. Much of Africa also was unexplored by Westerners until the late 19th century and early 20th century.

Contributions to Science

The Age of Exploration had a significant impact on geography. By traveling to different regions around the globe, explorers were able to learn more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and bring that knowledge back to Europe.

Methods of navigation and mapping improved as a result of the travels of people such as Prince Henry the Navigator. Prior to his expeditions, navigators had used traditional portolan charts, which were based on coastlines and ports of call, keeping sailors close to shore.

The Spanish and Portuguese explorers who journeyed into the unknown created the world’s first nautical maps, delineating not just the geography of the lands they found but also the seaward routes and ocean currents that led them there. As technology advanced and known territory expanded, maps and mapmaking became more and more sophisticated.

These explorations also introduced a whole new world of flora and fauna to Europeans. Corn, now a staple of much of the world’s diet, was unknown to Westerners until the time of the Spanish conquest, as were sweet potatoes and peanuts. Likewise, Europeans had never seen turkeys, llamas, or squirrels before setting foot in the Americas.

The Age of Exploration served as a stepping stone for geographic knowledge. It allowed more people to see and study various areas around the world, which increased geographic study, giving us the basis for much of the knowledge we have today.

Long-Term Impact

The effects of colonization still persist as well, with many of the world’s former colonies still considered the «developing» world and the colonizers the First World countries, holding a majority of the world’s wealth and receiving a majority of its annual income.

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